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6th Global Congress on Spine and Spinal Disorders, will be organized around the theme “Spinal Disorders - Revolutionizing Diagnosis and Treatment Approach (CME-CPD Accreditations Available)”
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In the United States, scoliosis, or a curvature of the spine, affects over 7 million people. Although it can happen to adults, it is most frequently seen in kids, especially females, during growth spurts. The spine of a person with scoliosis frequently resembles a "S" or "C" rather than a straight line.
The irregular shape or alignment of the spine's bony vertebral column. A spine that is clearly curved, unsteadiness, and soreness are possible symptoms. Physical treatments can aid in correcting the spine's alignment and halt the progression of the curve. The spine centre, spine surgery, and neurosurgery are all involved.
Adolescent girls between the ages of 10 and 18 are most frequently affected by the coronal plane spinal deformity known as adolescent idiopathic scoliosis. Full-length standing PA and lateral spine radiographs are used to make the diagnosis.
Depending on the patient's skeletal maturity, the severity of the deformity, and the evolution of the curve, the appropriate course of treatment may involve observation, bracing, or surgery. Idiopathic or adolescent idiopathic scoliosis is by far the most prevalent type of scoliosis during the adolescent years and has no recognised cause (AIS).
Osteoporosis is typically the cause of vertebral compression fractures, which can range in severity from mild to severe. More serious fractures can be extremely painful, making it difficult for the elderly patient to perform activities of daily living and posing a serious risk to their life. TLSO bracing and rehabilitation are frequently used in the treatment of elderly patients with osteoporotic compression fractures. If their pain is effectively controlled, some patients can be treated with a less constricting corset or belly binder to aid progress in the rehabilitation programme.
Mr. I, a 31-year-old man with no notable past medical history, woke up with neck ache two hours before visiting the emergency room. He described his pain as being intense, ranging from 8 to 9, localised to his neck and upper back, and not radiating to his extremities. Although there was some slight weakness in the lower extremities during the initial triage, Mr. I was nevertheless able to move around. He noted that his legs had grown numb and that his leg motor strength had weakened while he awaited further evaluation. Mr. I underwent an urgent cervicothoracic MRI, which revealed a significant spinal cord compression from C5 to T2 and a sizable dorsal epidural hematoma.
When the cushioning in your spine starts to deteriorate, degenerative disc disease develops. Rubbery cushions between your vertebrae are called spinal discs (bones in your spinal column). They serve as shock absorbers and make it easier for you to bend and twist. Older persons are most likely to have the disorder. All people's spinal discs deteriorate over time as a natural aspect of growing older. Most people begin to develop some spinal degeneration after the age of 40. With the correct care, pain can be reduced and mobility can be improved.
The most accurate imaging test for abnormalities of the spinal cord is magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). The spinal cord can be seen on an MRI along with anomalies in the bone and soft tissues around the cord (such as abscesses, hematomas, tumours, and ruptured discs) (such as tumors, fractures, and cervical spondylosis).
- Injury, infection, a restricted blood supply, compression by a tumour or a shattered bone are some of the causes of spinal cord problems.
- Typically, muscles are weakened or paralysed, feeling is altered or eliminated, and it may be challenging to manage bowel and bladder function.
- The condition causing the spinal cord problem is corrected, if possible, based on the symptoms, examination findings, and imaging tests, such as magnetic resonance imaging.
Spinal tumours are referred to as primary spinal tumours. When cancer spreads from another part of the body to the spine, it causes spinal metastases (metastasizes). Cancer cells might spread from a neighbouring location or move through the bloodstream to the spine. In the spine, tumours can hurt. In metastasis, cancer cells separate from the main tumour, move through the bloodstream or lymphatic system, and develop a new tumour in various body organs or tissues. The main tumor's malignant type has spread to the newly discovered, metastatic tumour.
In general, the goal of minimally invasive spine (MIS) surgery is to stabilize the vertebral bones and spinal joints and/or relieve pressure being applied to the spinal nerves — often a result of conditions such as spinal instability, bone spurs, herniated discs, scoliosis or spinal tumors.
The term "neuromuscular disorders" is a catch-all that refers to a wide range of illnesses with various symptoms. The terms "muscle disease," "neuromuscular ailments," and "neuromuscular disorders" all refer to a class of illnesses that either affect the muscles, including those in the arms, legs, heart, and lungs, or the nerves that govern the muscles. Rather than having a straight spine, a kid with neuromuscular scoliosis has a spine that resembles the letter "C." The ribs can be pulled along with the spine as it is rotated or twisted to create a three-dimensional curve.
Spinal surgery is a high-risk specialty with a steadily increasing patient base. The majority of the results are positive, although the most serious complication, neurologic injury, may have significant aftereffects, some of which may be fatal. According to the onset (pre-versus postoperative) and surgical site, neurologic conditions can be categorised (cervical versus thoracolumbar). Along with the radiologist and electro physiologist, the spine specialist is a member of a multidisciplinary team that can identify risk factors prior to surgery and analyse neurologic issues during or after surgery.
Navigation assisted spine surgery is a group of technologies, which allow the surgeon to access real-time, three dimensional and virtual images of the spine in relation to the surgical instruments intraoperatively.
Spinal stenosis is the narrowing of the spinal canal. That’s the hollow channel running from the highest neck bone in your body to your sacrum. The spinal column cradles your spinal cord, the thin tube of nerve tissue that connects your brain to the rest of your body’s nerves.
Robotic spine surgery, also known as robot-assisted spine surgery, is the practise of using robotic guiding technology during spinal neurosurgery. Traditionally, neurosurgeons have implanted instruments "freehand" in the spine, relying on their anatomical expertise and X-rays.
The fundamental objective of motion preservation surgery for the spine is to keep normal or almost normal motion in an effort to avoid the negative effects frequently associated with traditional spinal fusion, most notably the emergence of adjacent-level degenerative disc degeneration. Motion preservation surgery aims to closely resemble normal spinal biomechanics; as a result, issues related to conventional fusion should be reduced. Similar to how hip and knee arthroplasty is justified, so is motion preservation.
Damage to the spinal column's vertebrae, ligaments, discs, or spinal cord itself can cause spinal cord injuries. A quick, severe impact to your spine that fractures, dislocates, crushes, or compresses one or more of your vertebrae can result in a traumatic spinal cord injury. There are three categories of total spinal cord damage:
Spasticity, or the uncontrollable tightening or contracting of the muscles, is typical of those who have had spinal cord injuries. Spinal pain can radiate from the buttock into the leg and occasionally into the foot and is caused by pressure on one or more of the nerves that make up the sciatic nerve. Usually, only one side—the left or right—is impacted. Many people report this discomfort as being electric shock-like and acute. Infections of the spine can also include spinal epidural abscess, which appears in the area around the dura (the tissue that surrounds the spinal cord and nerve root).
Spinal pathology can range from scoliosis or a deteriorating spine to more severe complicated injuries. There are numerous levels of spinal disease, as well as a wide variety of symptoms, from tingling or numbness to intense pain. Generally speaking, we are referring to the following circumstances. Spinal fractures (traumatic and osteoporotic), cancer of the spine, and cauda equina syndrome (CES)
Radio waves, a magnetic field, and a computer are all used in magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of the spine. It paints vivid, accurate representations of the tissues around the spine. Gadolinium contrast material injections may be necessary for MRI scans, which do not involve radiation.
Any of the anterior, posterior, lateral, or combination anterior-posterior methods can be used to perform spinal operations. In order to expose the ventral spine and spinal cord, an anterior approach is used; anterior techniques for the thoracic and lumbar spine may necessitate invading the thoracic and abdominal chambers.
Surgery on the spine's bones is known as "spine surgery" (backbone). Less incisions are made during this kind of surgery than during normal surgery. It frequently results in less damage to the adjacent muscles and other structures. It may result in reduced discomfort and a quicker recovery from surgery.
After a spinal cord injury, the rehabilitation process frequently starts in an acute care facility. In the treatment of SCI, occupational therapy is crucial. Recent studies have emphasised the value of initiating occupational therapy as soon as the client is stable.
• Functional autonomy
• Assistive technology
• Gait instruction
Spinal biologics are devices that are used extensively for bone fusion surgery, medulla spinal is injury, and chronic disk disease. The treatment could embody the utilization of allografts, auto grafts, mesenchymal stem cells, demineralized bone matrix, bone morphogenetic protein, and ceramics. These materials assist the body' natural healing processes and are accustomed heal spine pathological or degenerated discs. the consequences are perceived through increased cellular activity, growth, and differentiation Spine biologics discover software in backbone surgical operation as lieu allografts in addition to a guide for bones in and across the spinal region. They also can be used remedy the spinal accidents or trauma or degenerated discs. Currently, bone morphogenetic proteins (BMP's) are biologic substances which are predominantly utilized in spinal surgical operation. Bone graft substitutes declare for round 85% percentage of the full backbone biologics market.
"Radiomics and AI leverage advanced data analytics to extract intricate information from medical images, enabling precision medicine. Radiomics analyzes subtle image features, while AI enhances accuracy in disease detection, prognosis, and treatment planning. This fusion of technology holds immense potential for personalized patient care and improving diagnostic outcomes."
Spinal Interventional Radiology is a minimally invasive medical specialty that uses image-guided techniques, such as fluoroscopy and CT scans, to diagnose and treat various spinal conditions. Procedures include epidural injections, vertebroplasty, and nerve root blocks, providing targeted relief for patients with spinal pain and other related disorders.